EP3 of Footnotes–Vote Splitting: South Carolina Primary in Focus–Host Jonathan J. Cianfaglione rehashes the concept of vote splitting and its effects on the South Carolina primary.
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Support from: VIG & Associates (vigconsulting.com)
Recall that vote splitting is an electoral effect in which the distribution of votes among multiple similar candidates reduces the chance of winning for any of the similar candidates, and increases the chance of winning for a dissimilar candidate.
To sort that out a bit, we are going to propose that the dissimilar candidate is Donald Trump, while the similar candidates are Rubio, Cruz, Bush, Kasich, and Carson. Under that proposition in the framework of vote splitting, that means that the similar candidates are all vying for the same votes, where those votes are being distributed amongst five candidates. Left over of course, is the dissimilar candidate, Donald, and he is vying for only one group, in turn getting a consolidated vote.
South Carolina Primary
The South Carolina primary had a total of 738k GOP votes. Of those, Donald Trump won with 240k votes; while, 498k votes were split amongst the 5 similar candidates–Cruz, Rubio, Bush, Kasich, and Carson.
The Equal Vote Coalition: A Look at Oregon’s Voting System Biases
South Carolina Primary Results